The development of the Northern Sea Route, the implementation of the plans of the Russian state for the development of the Arctic and large-scale energy projects in the Arctic zone has led to aim of the development of transport infrastructure, in particular, the infrastructure of seaports and cargo handling facilities. In this regard, the role of seaports located along the Arctic coast is significantly increasing. The port of Arkhangelsk, which became the gateway to the Arctic, is no exception.
The port provides transportation of supplies for the construction of deposits, the construction of hydrocarbon processing facilities, and the port facilities for their transportation. There are being developed projects for the further development of the Arkhangelsk port itself, the main of which was the project to create a deepwater area outside the existing port. This project and several other initiatives in the port of Arkhangelsk are being implemented under the leadership of the JSC “Arctic transportation industrial hub Arkhangelsk”. The company's general director, Sergey Kokin, told the “Morskye Porty” magazine about new projects being implemented in the port of Arkhangelsk and the progress of their implementation.
Sergey Viktorovich, tell us what role the port of Arkhangelsk played and continues to play in arranging and equipping such Arctic projects as Yamal LNG, Arctic LNG-2 and others. To what extent has the geographical location, climatic conditions, the capacity of the port and its approach ways allowed to undertake such work?
- The strategic task of increasing the turnover of the Northern Sea Route to 80 million tons is directly related to prospective the Arctic zone development projects.
One of the most significant successful Arctic projects of the present time is considered to be Yamal LNG, which had a great influence on the development of industry and transport infrastructure of the Arkhangelsk region and allowed regional terminal operators to gain experience and modernize the infrastructure to the requirements and conditions of a large international project.
The next step in the integrated development of the Yamal deposits is the Arctic LNG-2 project. There is every reason to believe that this project will use the well-established logistics scheme of accumulation, transshipment and sea transportation of building materials and equipment through the Arkhangelsk transport hub, which is well established for Yamal LNG supply.
The existing berths on the Gydan Peninsula in the area of the Arctic LNG-2 field do not allow handling vessels, therefore, shipping companies of Arkhangelsk will carry out their familiar work related to the sea transportation of cargo and unloading onto land-fast ice since March this year. Currently, preparations are underway for the construction of deepwater berths in the area of the field on the Gydansky Peninsula, but their construction will take time, so the cargo for the construction of the port on Gydan, the coastal infrastructure, technological facilities for the field construction, gas-gathering pipelines will also go through the terminals of the seaport of Arkhangelsk.
For the offshore part of the Arctic LNG-2 project, which includes the construction of platforms on a reinforced concrete foundation, the Arkhangelsk region proposes to use the capacity of major Severodvinsk shipyards for the production and assembly of technological modules. In the framework of the signed agreement between Novatek and United Shipbuilding Corporation, Sevmash shipyard and Zvyozdochka ship repair yard undergo a qualifying selection, it is planned to modernize the production infrastructure and improve the internal project management systems.
Considering the significant number of free production sites near the port areas in Arkhangelsk and good transport links by sea between Arkhangelsk and Murmansk, it is possible to place the assembly production of elements and tiers of technological and auxiliary modules of the upper structures of the platforms for the needs of the Arctic LNG-2 project.
Do not forget that the seaport of Arkhangelsk is now the key port for the delivery of cabotage supplies in the direction of about 20 ports and port stations of the Arctic zone.
In this connection, there was a project to create production and logistics hub in the port of Arkhangelsk? What cargo base is it designed for? What are the stevedore plans for cargo traffic and terminal specialization?
- The production and logistics hub “Arkhangelsk” construction project is implemented on the terms of a concession agreement concluded between the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and the specialized design company LLC “Production and logistics complex Arkhangelsk”, and provides for the creation of a port complex at the port of Arkhangelsk with a predicted cargo turnover of at least 3 million tons of cargo various nomenclature since 2025.
The access to the railway and automobile infrastructure provided by the project will determine the high competitiveness of the port facilities being created, and, as a result, of the dredging works, the draft of the handled vessels will be 10.6 meters.
After the implementation of this project in the seaport Arkhangelsk there will be two full-fledged universal seaport terminaks that work with almost any cargo and can handle vessels with a capacity of up to 30 thousand tons (currently, it is the only he Ekonomiya terminal of JSC “Arkhangelsk commercial sea port”).
Tell us about the main parameters of the Deepwater area of the port of Arkhangelsk construction project and the progress of its implementation. What opportunities will open this project for the Arkhangelsk seaport? What types of cargo the deepwater area of the port will be primarily focused on?
- The Deepwater area project includes the construction of a transport hub consisting of 6 terminals (2 specialized and 4 universal), an approaching transport (railway and road) and engineering infrastructure.
The deepwater hub will be built 52 km north of Arkhangelsk in the Dvina Bay of the White Sea and will be able to handle large-tonnage vessels with a maximum draft of 14.5 meters and deadweight up to 100 thousand tons, which will significantly exceed the current technical parameters of the port - 9.2 meters and up to 30 thousand tons, respectively.
In October 2017, the Rosmorrechflot approved the declaration of intention to invest in construction. Following the document, the project is planned to be implemented in two stages: by 2023, the design, construction and commissioning of the facility must be completed; the existing infrastructure will be expanded from 2026, which will ensure that the project will reach its design capacity by 2028.
The implementation of this project will provide an opportunity for the seaport of Arkhangelsk to enter the markets of leading international cargo transportation, including the Northern Sea Route, and thus will allow attracting new types of cargoes to the port and increasing the volumes of transshipment.
The annual volume of transshipment of goods in the new port area by 2035 is projected at 38 million tons. To date, there is a confirmation of 45% of the cargo base of the deepwater area seaport Arkhangelsk of 2025. The deepwater area will be primarily focused on the transshipment of bulk cargoes - mineral fertilizers and other bulk cargoes, oil and gas processing products, other bulk liquids, the loading of which will require depths sufficient for large-tonnage vessels to call.
More than 70% of this volume (27 million tons) will be made up of cargoes of industrial and production companies in the regions of the North-West and Ural Federal Districts, which are now actively increasing their production. Besides, these will be cargoes that are redirected from other transport routes, as well as niche cargoes that require the availability of specialized transshipment sites.
The attractiveness of the deepwater hub for hydrocarbons and their products from the YNAO is associated with the location of the port of Arkhangelsk, which is the closest seaport operating throughout the year on its way to Europe. The absence of infrastructural restrictions for the placement of transshipment facilities makes the new area a promising platform for handling specialized and niche cargo.
The remaining volume of cargo turnover of the new port area will be the cargoes intended for transportation during the implementation of the associated infrastructure projects of the Belkomur and Northern Latitudinal Railway railways.
Currently, a set of documents is being prepared for inclusion of the project into the Comprehensive Plan for the modernization and expansion of backbone infrastructure for the period up to 2024.
A few words about the role of ATIH Arkhangelsk in the development of the port of Arkhangelsk. What activities are being carried out in this regard and what are your plans?
- JSC “Arctic transport industrial hub “Arkhangelsk” (ATIH Arkhangelsk) was created at the initiative of the Government of the Arkhangelsk region to manage the promotion and implementation of the development projects of the Arkhangelsk transport hub aimed at improving the quality of service of transport and related services and ultimately at attracting cargo traffic into the hub.
Based on the developed by ATIH Arkhangelsk and pre-approved Development strategy of the Arkhangelsk transport hub, all projects that are developed and implemented by the company are divided into 2 large blocks — Brownfield (existing infrastructure development projects) and Greenfield (prospective projects). About the project to create a deepwater port area it is said earlier.
Among the projects for the development of existing infrastructure, implemented directly or with the active participation and coordination of ATIH Arkhangelsk, include the following projects:
• The project of renewal of feeder container line at the port of Arkhangelsk;
• The project of creating a terminal for niche goods;
• A project for organizing test shipments of cargo shipments from the port of Arkhangelsk.
The project of renewing the feeder container line is in the process of making final launch decisions: key shippers have been identified, a financial model has been developed for the project, and commercial negotiations are underway to harmonize tariffs with future service users.
Nowadays ATIH Arkhangelsk is discussing with interested and potential participants projects for the creation of a terminal for niche goods and the organization of test shipments of cargo.